Red Square: The historic plaza

Immediately outside the Kremlin’s northeastern wall is the celebrated Red Square, the 400m-by-150m area of cobblestones that is at the very heart of Moscow. Commanding the square from the southern end is St Basil’s Cathedral. This panorama never fails to send the heart aflutter, especially at night.

The word krasnaya in the name means 'red' now, but in old Russian it meant 'beautiful' and Krasnaya ploshchad lives up to this epithet. Furthermore, it evokes an incredible sense of import to stroll across the place where so much of Russian history has unfolded. Note that the square is often closed for various celebrations or their rehearsals, so allow some leeway in your schedule.




St. Basil's Cathedral


An ornate church building occupies the vast expanse of Red Square. This Orthodox Cathedral of Saint Basil dates back to the 16th century and the era of Ivan the Terrible ruled from 1533 to 1584. It is the most famous symbol of medieval Russian church architecture. The cathedral has a rather unconventional look.The luxuriously decorated cathedral was built to honor the Almighty for a remarkable military success-Capture of Kazan.

The cathedral of St. Basil is very ornate: red bricks with white-stone ornaments are enhanced by the green, blue and red palette of the domes.


Monument of Minin & Pozarsky​

The Monument to Minin and Pozharsky two national heroes and liberators, is one of Moscow’s best known monuments and perhaps the most symbolic one.

In 1612, Kuzma Minin raised a volunteer army led by Prince Dmitry Pozharsky in an attempt to clear Russia from Polish invaders who wanted to seize the Russian throne.

The monument, erected with people’s donations, stands in front of St. Basil’s Cathedral on Red Square.The monument was set up after the Patriotic War of 1812 and Napoleon’s expulsion from Moscow.


Lenin's Mausoleum

The embalmed body of Vladimir Lenin, the main organiser and leader of the 1917 October Revolution revolution in Russia led by the Bolsheviks rests here, at the very heart of the capital.

The Mausoleum of Lenin is not just a tomb: for the Soviet regime, it became a monument on a nationwide scale, a representation of public gratitude, and an illustrative symbol of the fact that Lenin’s cause remained alive.


Department Store GUM

The State Department Store abbreviated GUM is a shopping mall which houses about a hundred premium class stores, cafes, and restaurants. This is the best-known shopping centre in Russia, and it has been an integral part of the architectural ensemble of Red Square for over a century. The GUM’s front facade marks its boundary opposite the Kremlin. The store itself is also a monument of Russian Art Nouveau architecture, which makes a walk along its arcades a pleasure to luxury shopping lovers and art connoisseurs alike.


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